O que é o Past Participle? Pra que serve? Como usá-lo? Check it out!
O QUE É?
Todos os verbos em inglês (exceto alguns casos, como os modais) possuem três formas: O presente, o passado simples e o particípio (past participle):
Saiba quais são os particípios de outros verbos clicando aqui.
Existem três maneiras principais de usar o past participle:
1) PERFECT TENSES
Sempre que usamos os tempos verbais perfeitos (present perfect, past perfect, present perfect continuous, future perfect, modal perfect, etc) o uso do past participle é obrigatório.
He has drunk some juice
She had seen the apartment before buying it.
She will have gone abroad by the end of the year.
Saiba mais sobre os perfect tenses clicando aqui e aqui.
2) PASSIVE VOICE
O past participle sempre aparecerá na voz passiva, independentemente do tempo verbal:
The book was written by the man in 1962.
The computer will be bought tomorrow.
The film is being watched by the students.
Saiba mais sobre passive voice clicando aqui.
3) AS AN ADJECTIVE
É muito comum utilizarmos o past participle como adjetivo, qualificando o substantivo.
Did you see the broken window?
He was talking to the drunk man.
The police has found a stolen car near the park.
Abaixo, uma tabela que resume os diferentes usos do past participle:
HOW CAN I USE THE PAST PARTICIPLE?
She has studied a lot
She had been here before.
They will have won by the end of the year.
I could have done something.
OBJECT - VERB - AGENT
The bill was paid yesterday.
The book will be sent tomorrow.
The poem is being read right now.
AS AN ADJECTIVE
His broken leg was in a terrible shape.
The forgotten letter was behind the door.
Neo is the chosen one.